“Many Patels are facing economic hardship now and we need our share of the reservation quotas.”. “The so-called ‘Gujarat model’ of economic development under Mr Modi was much-hyped but the reality is very different. Pages in category "Social groups of Gujarat" The following 159 pages are in this category, out of 159 total. Bhadraniya has about 4,000 residents. Baghel comes from the Kurmi community which is a decisive voter in the rice-bowl in central Chhattisgarh— sandwiched between the tribal-dominated Bastar division in the south and Sarguja forests in the north. Beni Verma quit the Congress after the 2014 elections to join the SP and remained a Rajya Sabha member till his death this year. He contended that the real motivation for the Patels was a desire to maintain their grip on privilege in Gujarat. Mr Modi is due to address more than 60,000 mainly Gujarati Indian expatriates at Wembley Stadium in one of the highlights of a visit that will also involve lunch with the Queen at Buckingham Palace and several meetings with David Cameron. In UP, in the absence of a pan-state leader, the community aligned itself with different political parties under the influence of the local leadership. And perhaps the biggest if one were to consider their spread across north, western and central India. Patidars have been the most influential political community in Gujarat since Independence. The rallies, which ended in at least 10 deaths, were often accompanied by the distinctive clanking of rolling pins against thalis (steel dining plates) by Patidar women. They are spreaded all over the world. Word reached the MP from Gonda who was also a minister in the Manmohan Singh government. In the Rohilkhand region, the Kurmis are economically and socially upwardly mobile and are aligned to the BJP. And now Hardik Patel has been appointed the state working president. He insisted that the struggle would continue, despite the police clampdown on his comrades when the authorities at one stage suspended Internet services to prevent word spreading and counter-protests being organised. They can be identified as Leuva Patel or Kadva Patel. The showdown reflects the ingrained influence of India’s caste system, which dates back more than 2,000 years and was entrenched by the British in their divide and rule administration of the Raj. His successor, Anandiben Patel, is a Patel, but hasn’t filled the vacuum left by Modi. Ahmedabad: The Congress’ decision Saturday to name Hardik Patel working president of its Gujarat unit is a move that goes beyond his Patidar caste identity. Gujarat police chief PC Thakur told the AFP news agency that at least a … Organisers accuse authorities of misusing power as Patel caste members continue to demand jobs in Gujarat. She is a Leuva Patel (the supposed descendants of Luv), who constitute 8-10 per cent of the state's population. “They want the labourer’s son to stay a labourer, and the master’s son to stay a master.”. And Mr Modi warned darkly that “other communities” might take away the quota benefits of Bihar’s OPC classes if his Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) does not win the November 8 vote that is widely seen as a barometer of his administration’s domestic success. But it also intimately tied to the cut and thrust of 21st century politics in the world’s largest democracy as politicians consolidate their support among so-called “vote banks”. But by the end of the meeting, they decided overwhelmingly to accord Mr Modi a “grand welcome” when he arrives in London. Barot Vahivancha Charan, Gadhvi, Gadhavi (where they are not Scheduled Tribe) -do- 5. the home that they share with Narendra Modi, the prime minister, Dalits (previously known as the “untouchables”). No 1 surname in Gujarat, No2 2 surname in India, comes no 11 in world. Patel is an Indian surname, predominantly found in the state of Gujarat representing the community of land-owning farmers and later (with the British East India Company) businessmen, agriculturalists and merchants. Even if it meant keeping top party leaders waiting for a while. When the BJP came to power, building a larger social coalition under the pan-community Hindu umbrella, the chief ministership went to Keshubhai Patel. In recent days, the police have rounded up leaders of protests that previously brought the commercial capital of Ahmedebad to a standstill and have continued across Gujarat. But leaders of Gujarat’s lower castes have made clear that they do not want any company from “affluent” Patels on their rung of the social ladder. The public prominence of Hardik Patel and the nature of ticket distribution among candidates of both parties has led to political scientists and commentators noting that this time on, Gujarat is back to caste politics. The Congress saw an opportunity and reaped the benefits of an apparent split in the SP vote base. Gujarat Chief Minister Anandiben Patel is a Patidar. As tensions deepened last week, five men were arrested with a can of petrol and threatening self-immolation if Hardik Patel was not released, while other Patels threatened to convert religion to change their caste. They denounced police brutality when protests were broken up with several deaths. They have significant population in these states: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Delhi. CENTRAL LIST OF OBCs FOR THE STATE OF GUJARAT Entry No Caste/ Community Resolution No. The caste mobilisation started more than a century back during British India when one Kunvarjibhai V Mehta, a Leuva Patel from south Gujarat, established Patidar Yuvak Mandal in 1908, publishing "caste journals, holding caste meetings and founding caste hostels" for students of the community. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Following the recent raids, Harikesh Patel, 24, a businessman’s son, stepped in to speak to The Telegraph at a late-evening meeting. And so it happened that in the winter of 2011, Rahul Gandhi was touring Uttar Pradesh ahead of state assembly polls. And, Patidars determine the outcome in 62-65 assembly seats where they have a strong presence. The politically dominant group is … "We will not let the Patel agitation succeed in snatching away the quotas which are meant for us,” said Alpesh Thakor, 25, who has organised counter-protests by communities that receive benefits. The prime minister, whose humble background is nonetheless generally viewed as the equivalent of lower middle-class in Indian terms, compared his roots to those of Bihar’s most impoverished. Political analysts see BJP in Gujarat as a Patel party. The 27-year-old Patel is not just a fiery orator for the Patidar cause, but also talks about issues that affect youth, farmers and small businesses, which have found wider resonance among the people of Gujarat, across classes and castes. On 3 October 2001 he replaced Patel as Chief Minister of Gujarat, with the responsibility of preparing the BJP for the December 2002 elections. Sardar of Patels Modi succeeded in claiming the legacy of Sardar Patel, but he is not Patel by caste. The Patidar Yuvak Mandal was renamed Vallabh Seva Mandal in 1962. The party’s investment on political leadership in the Reddy community in Andhra and Vokkaligas in Karnataka has paid dividends and helped the Congress survive in these states after fizzling out of contention in UP and Bihar. His party even claimed, incorrectly, that he was the first OPC prime minister. “We are poor, landless and uneducated communities, who need quotas to give us a level playing field. Bavri or Baori -do- 6. Ahmed Patel was born on Sunday, 21 August 1949 (age 71 years; at the time of death), in Piraman village located in Bharuch district of Gujarat.His full name was Ahmedbhai Mohammedbhai Patel. The guiding ideas were samaj sudharo (social reform) and samaj seva (social service). The agitation by the Patels has so shaken the government in Gujarat – the home that they share with Narendra Modi, the prime minister - that the authorities been rounding up key organisers. Caste associations in Gujarat were formed mainly among upper castes to provide welfare (including recreation), to promote modern education, and to bring about reforms in caste customs. Hardik Patel began his political career in 2015, attending to the Patel community’s demand for recognition as an Other … The Kurmis are numerically the largest land-proprietary backward caste group after the Yadavs in UP and Bihar. Mrs Patel has maintained loyalty to her party rather than caste, however, offering only limited concessions in the form of increased student financial aid. Rita Joshi, then UP unit chief is now in the BJP along with her brother Vijay Bahuguna. Patidars have been the most influential political community in Gujarat since Independence. A meeting of the All India Kurmi Mahasabha was held in Ahmedabad in 1913. She belonged to Kurmi Kshatriya caste. The Gujarat stand-off has also pitched millions of Patidars against one of their own in the form of Anandiben Patel, Mr Modi’s BJP successor as chief minister. Considered as strong BJP supporters till recently, Patels are an influential community in Gujarat. It still seeps through all walks of life in a country where everyone’s caste is known and most Indians continue to marry within their own. He has been asked to hand over the devices used to post the tweets in question. In Awadh region, for instance, the SP had a hold over the Kurmi votes due to Verma. And then we moved ahead to our next destination,” Verma, a raconteur par excellence, who passed away this year, told this reporter many years ago during an interaction at his home on Delhi’s Kushak Road. British Raj first recognised them as separate caste in 1931. Tension prevails in India's Gujarat state where two days of caste-related violence has left eight people dead. Patels or Patidars comprise some 20 percent of Gujarat's 63m strong population, but their reputation extends far beyond the north western state in India. Patel (Gujarati પટેલ, paṭel, pronounced petil) is a surname of Indian origin, originally meaning "headman" or "village chief" The name Patel derives from Patlikh, the record keeper named by princely rulers in Gujarat to keep track of the crops, pat being a parcel of land. Technically, the caste is called "Patidar," and Patel is the most common last name among its members. In Bihar they have been largely aligned to the Janata Dal (United) because of Nitish Kumar. He completed Bachelor of Science (BSc) from Bharuch’s Shree Jayendra Puri Arts and Science College, South Gujarat University, Surat in 1976. Those who knew Verma made allowances for the tallest Kurmi leader in the Awadh region. File photo: The numerically and economically strong Patel community of Gujarat converged in Ahmedabad in large numbers to take part in the rally, which brought the city to a grinding halt, File photo: The numerically and economically strong Patel community of Gujarat converged in Ahmedabad in large numbers to take part in the rally, Boris Johnson condemns Donald Trump after US Capitol violence, Boris Johnson: everyone in UK will be within 10 miles of their nearest vaccination centre, Fifty per cent more coronavirus patients in hospital than at peak of first wave, My beloved Republican party lies in tatters – and it must bear its share of the blame, Motherwell to appoint Graham Alexander as manager. Agri 12011/68/93-BCC(C) dt 10.09.1993 2. The Congress continues to strive to find its feet in Uttar Pradesh, the state which sends 80 MPs to the Lok Sabha. Wiki/Biography. This was the Congress’s first tryst with backward— especially Kurmi— politics. For some time around this period there was a concerted attempt to bring other agrarian communities like Marathas from Maharashtra, Patels from Gujarat, the Reddy clan from Andhra and Vokkaligas from Karnataka on one platform. The Samajwadi Party had suffered a setback in the general election. But as the cost of education soars and land-holdings have been divided into smaller parcels, a new generation of Patels claim that they are the ones suffering discrimination by their exclusion from jobs and college places set aside for lower castes. In the south, though, the Congress post-Independence was more accommodating of middle-segment agrarian communities for political mobilisation. Gujarat, long a mostly loyal bastion of Narendra Modi and his Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), has been facing a series of strikes and protests by members of the Patidar (Patel) community, a caste … Figures suggest that Patels can influence election results in 70-80 out of 182 Assembly constituencies in Gujarat. Rajasthan is an exception, where the party could manage to survive due to a varied socio-political landscape where leadership in mid-segment castes among Jats and OBCs have lent the necessary heft to the party to remain in contention. Outside Uttar Pradesh, the Kurmis go by various other caste names: the Kunbis in Maharashtra, Patidar or Kurmis in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. The caste mobilisation started more than a century back during British India when one Kunvarjibhai V Mehta, a Leuva Patel from south Gujarat, established Patidar Yuvak Mandal in 1908, publishing "caste journals, holding caste meetings and founding caste hostels" for students of the community. So the verdict of the Patel community leaders who met at Patidar House in Wembley recently was a major relief to the Modi camp – and doubtless to Pridi Patel, who has played a key role in organising the trip. The Congress had romped home with an impressive 20-plus tally from the state in the 2009 Lok Sabha polls to win another term at Centre. World's sixth Richest surname that is PATEL. In Gujarat, too, the Congress chose to nominate a young Patidar representative in Paresh Danani as leader of opposition in the assembly after a closely fought election in 2017. He is now the speaker of the Maharashtra assembly. BJP aides have been busy working with the leader of Britain’s Patel community to avoid any embarrassing protests by his fellow Gujaratis when he visits the UK for a high-profile trip in November. "In recent years, education level has gone up in certain communities from OBC and children are getting government jobs, which has upset the Patels, who believe that it's their monopoly,” he said. The scenes that awaited Verma and others at the meeting were reported by papers the next day. Covid-19 vaccine: Latest updates on Oxford, Moderna and Pfizer breakthroughs - and who will get it first? The Patidars of Gujarat used the Bharatiya Janata Party as a political vehicle to reclaim their dominant position in the state politics. Of about 6 crore population of Gujarat, Patels constitute 1.5 crore. "For all intents and purposes, Patel and Patidar are the same," says Nilam. For the past week the western Indian state of Gujurat has seen a prominent community known as the Patels holding mass rallies led by a charismatic 22-year-old political activist. And it seems to have paid rich dividends. Read more: Hardik Patel - face of Gujarat caste protests Police said some 70 buses were torched by the protesters. The Patidars or Patels of Gujarat, however, are politically the most organised and influential. Beni Prasad Verma preferred to have his smoke before anything else. However, while caste is definitely back in the 2017 electoral politics, this time its nature is different and so are its demands. And it spread to America when some expatriate Gujarati Patel caste members demonstrated outside appearances by Mr Modi on his trip there in October. The first MP to defect from the BJP to Congress during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s first innings was a Kunbi from Maharashtra. By contrast, the Patels – the family name of the Patider caste – are traditional landholders who over the years gained important roles in politics and commerce in Gujarat, a major trading hub. “If you do not give us our right, we will snatch it,” said Hardik Patel declared in typically confrontational form at one rally. File photo of Patidar leader Hardik Patel (PTI). whose humble background is nonetheless generally viewed as the equivalent of lower middle-class in Indian terms. ... “The Patels are a single caste with common social practices stretched across several classes. Caste violence and atrocity is a common occurrence in Bhadraniya village, where only about 45 households are of Dalits. Bawa, Atit Bawa Goswami Vairagi Bawa Gosai Pride is the first characteristic of a Patel in Gujarati literature. Aakar Patel arrested, then bailed for three tweets on Modi, BJP-RSS & Ghanchi Caste: Gujarat. We will not allow our quotas to be slashed to accommodate Patels or any other community.”. The lack of any support base among OBC communities proved fatal for the Congress in the Hindi heartland. Nana Patole first challenged Nitin Gadkari in the 2019 Lok Sabha polls. The community has a strong presence in Vidarbha. Bafan (Muslim) -do- 4. Hardik Patel. Though Gujarat has a Patel chief minister – Anandiben Patel – she isn’t considered a Patel leader, like Keshubhai Patel was. Verma, an old and trusted lieutenant of Mulayam Singh Yadav, had fallen out with the Samajwadi Party president with the rise of Amar Singh’s clout. Up to 50 per cent of such positions are ring-fenced for Dalits (previously known as the “untouchables”), tribal peoples and social groupings designated together as “other backward classes” (OBCs), whose ranks include Mr Modi, a tea-seller’s son. Last month, the Congress elevated Hardik Patel, 26, to the post of working president of its Gujarat unit. He belongs to Patidar Caste from Gujarat which is also known as Kurmi Kshatriya in Uttar Pradesh , Bihar, Chhattisgarh etc. The Kurmis are a decisive vote bank in pockets of the Chota Nagpur Plateau in Jharkhand. The Patidar dominance in Gujarat polity was challenged by Madhavsinh Solanki in the early 1980s when his Kshatriya-Harijan-Aadivasi-Muslim (KHAM) combination won more than 150 seats in the 183-member assembly. Hardik and Danani’s appointment is aimed to fill that void. They are also one of the country’s best-known castes internationally, with a major diaspora across North America and Britain where their numbers include Priti Patel, MP, the environment minister. And the movement’s firebrand champion Hardik Patel, a 22-year-old farmer’s son already in jail, lost a new court challenge to quash charges that he was plotting to overthrow the state. There are more interesting stastics on surname Patel in Great Britain. Mayawati was in power. In the process, the Congress managed to harvest a large section of the most-backward caste dependent on land-owning backward communities for sustenance. The Patels … India's 15% of business and Gujarat's 70% of business owners are Patel. They have travel alot not just by air or sea. Despite repeated interventions by Rahul, the sloganeering did not stop. Verma was enjoying a quiet smoke in a car away from the UP Congress’s troupe led by Rita Bahuguna Joshi (now in BJP). 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