A doctor tells the Bears to go on a cleanse to improve their health. Giant Short-Faced Bear | The Japanese black bear (left), today found primarily on the main island of Honshū, is characterized by the crescent-shaped patch of white fur on its chest. [citation needed], V.G. [27] Only on Eastern Honshu are the black bears considered to be healthy. Brown Bear Conservation Action Plan for Asia, North Korean Human Geography, Ryonglim Big Bear, North Korean Human Geography, Gwanmobong Big Bear, The lowdown on Hokkaido bears March 15, 2008, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ussuri_brown_bear&oldid=994128321, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 05:46. The Japanese black bear is an omnivorous creature. Primal Panda Bear | This bear was seen crossing the road in Shiretoko, a World Heritage Area in Japan’s far north east. "Relationship between tigers, brown bears, and Himalayan black bears". Feeding baikalensis Ognev, 1924cavifrons (Heude, 1901)ferox Temminck, 1844macneilli Lydekker, 1909melanarctos Heude, 1898yesoensis Lydekker, 1897. In Sikhote Alin, Ussuri brown bears den mostly in burrows excavated into hillsides, though they will on rare occasions den in rock outcroppings or build ground nests. The Ussuri brown bear (Ursus arctos lasiotus), also known as the Ezo brown bear and the black grizzly bear,[3] is a subspecies of the brown bear or population of the Eurasian brown bear (Ursus arctos arctos). It may not look it, but this is a baby brown (not black) bear, seen crossing an ordinary road in Hokkaido. Below is a listing of bear reports received over the past year. I thought to myself, “If I’m running the risk of getting mauled, this river had better be worth it.” (one male and one female) per offspring, weighing between 7 and 14 ounces. In the August period in the middle part of the island, fish comprise 28% of their diet. But in December 1915, a remote area of Northern Japan was stricken by some of the worst fatal bear attacks in the history of the world. Japan Brown bear Many of the bear attacks have been blamed on a shortage of acorns due to typhoons and other bad weather which forced the bears into populated areas in search of food. Hello, I'm John Daub, creator and producer of ONLY in JAPAN. [25][26], About 500–1,500 Ussuri brown bears are present in Heilongjiang, and are classed as a vulnerable species. European Cave Bear | before going into hibernation. • the Red Fox is native to Japan and can be seen from time to time. There are no bears in Australia or Antarctica. [citation needed] They will also eat berries from honeysuckle, yew, Amur grapevine and buckthorn. Argentine short-faced bear || Naumov. (1972) stated bears are generally afraid of tigers and change their path after coming across tiger trails. 15 square miles, though this can vary depending on food supply and human encroachment. Kamishiro Station is a railway station on the Ōito Line in the village of Hakuba, Kitaazumi District, Nagano Prefecture, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company. Two bears walk down the street in Shari town in Japan’s northern island of Hokkaido. [29] [28], In Russia, the Ussuri brown bear is considered a game animal, though it is not as extensively hunted as the Eurasian brown bear.[27]. [15][16][17][18] Gepnter et al. Bears can be dangerous in Hokkaido, where hikers may encounter them in the mountains. The cubs reach about 20 pounds by April or May when they leave the den. STATUS The snow helps to keep them warm by serving as [31], From 1962 to 2008 there were 86 attacks and 33 deaths from bears in Hokkaido. Bears can be dangerous in Hokkaido, where hikers may encounter them … In the Amur region these bears cross paths with Siberian (Aumr) tigers on rare occasions, primarily because there … Japanese black bears are estimated to damage 3,000 bee hives annually. The bears in the mountainous areas hibernate where there is snow on the ground for most of the winter. Brown Bear | As a teenager, I was awakened by a bear that grabbed my feet and started dragging me, while sleeping in a sleeping bag in Yellowstone Park. This unique behavior was firstly noted more than a half century ago, with no casualties or accidents ever recorded. The Japanese bear, it appears, is a sociable animal that delights in taking his wife and family with him on his various excursions in search of sustenance or diversion. They will try to avoid humans as much as humans try to avoid them. So nothing to compare with the rich vocabulary of the English or French languages on this topic.The professional world makes its life tough as well. Answer: There are two types of bears in Japan: the Asian black bear, and the brown bear. However, it seldom hunts animals Polar bears are born on land, but spend most of their lives at sea. Breeding season is anywhere from late May to early August. Females mature between 3 and 4 years of age. Probably one of the most well-known and equally surprsing thing about Hokkaido are the brown bears that live there. When one thinks of bear encounters, they generally don't think of Japan. I yelled really loudly, squeezed out of the sleeping bag like I was toothpaste in a tube, and the bear went away temporarily. In Japan, there are two kinds of bears-the Asian black bear and the brown bear. Cinnamon Bear | All other bears (except the panda) are omnivorous, and in fact primarily rely on fruits, berries, nuts, etc., for sustenance. 43 and 60 inches in length and weigh between 130 and 260 pounds. In the same period, four cases of brown bears killing female and young tigers were reported, both in disputes over prey and in self-defense. Japanese Wild Boar. There are thought to be fewer than 10,000 black bears in Japan. Bears on the prowl in Japan's cities Oct 24, 2010 Oct ... left, and her female cub strolled the town center of Hokkaido, northern Japan, for about 40 minutes before being shot by a local hunter. [citation needed] They can occasionally reach greater sizes than their Kamchatkan counterparts: the largest skull measured by Sergej Ognew (1931) was only slightly smaller than that of the largest Kodiak bear (the largest subspecies of brown bears) on record at the time. Grizzly bears feed on fish such as salmon, trout, and bass, and those with access to a more protein-enriched diet in coastal areas potentially grow larger than inland individuals. However, this has partially to do with location and the fact that They may on rare occasions attack their smaller black cousins. These bears are found in the Amur and Ussuri River regions of the Russian Far East, northeastern China, the Korean Peninsula and Japan. We are compiling a comprehensive directory of all the polar bears currently kept in … pp. Florida Cave Bear | Vol 2 IIa 1998. DIET The interior bears of the North American Rocky Mountains (Grizzly Bear) and the mountains of Europe tend to be much smaller. The Japanese black bear became extinct on the mountainous island of Kyushu back in the 1950s and is considered extinct on the island of Shikoku. About the bears. Bears are found in North America, South America, Asia and Europe. that they use for either eating, resting or sleeping in. CHARACTERISTICS There are three genetic groups, distinct for at least 3 million years which reached to Hokkaido via Honshu at different times. There are usually 2 cubs Their habitat has been severely limited by human activities, especially forestry practices and road construction. Thus, non-lethal 9 For many companies in Japan, it is in the bylaw: no beard, and Japanese people do not mess with it, because it sometimes leads to trials. After killing a bear, the tiger will concentrate its feeding on the bear's fat deposits, such as the back, legs and groin. *The brown bear lives only in Hokkaido in Japan. Explore Bears in Historical Museum of Hokkaido in Sapporo, Japan as it appears on Google Maps as well as pictures, stories and other notable nearby locations on VirtualGlobetrotting.com. There are many bear watching tours that allow you to view them from a safe distance. Read about itineraries, activities, places to stay and travel essentials and get inspiration from the blog in the best guide to Hokkaido. Bear Subspecies / Classification | Such uncontrolled harvesting and deforestation has continued to expand, forcing the bears into villages Illegal hunting and capture has become a very serious contributing factor to the decline in bear numbers, as their body parts are of high economic value. A Japanese Town Is Using Creepy Robotic Wolves to Scare Away A few minutes later, the pair attacked Masatoshi Yamazaki, 77, as … California Black Bear | It was a small area, female bears in enclosure 2 and male bears in enclosure 1. My Study Abroad Trip to Japan. order to control "bear nuisances", hunters work on a voluntary basis because they are allowed to keep what they kill and sell the bears' body parts. green shoots, cherries, ants and other insects. [4], On Shiretoko Peninsula, especially in the area called "Banya", many females with cubs often approach fishermen and spend time near people. 90 to 152 brown bears are thought to dwell in the West Ishikari Region and from 84 to 135 in the Teshio-Mashike mountains. If you have seen a bear, you can report it to the Wildlife Division by using the link to the left. Tibetan Blue Bear || Qinling Panda Bear | They build nests in trees and on steep slopes, called enza in Japanese, The incident is frequently referred to in modern Japanese bear incidents, and is believed to be responsible for the Japanese perception of bears as man-eaters. Japan’s bears are killers, claiming a handful of lives most years. American Black Bear | This map was created by a user. Black bear are the most timid and least dangerous of the bears found in North America. [15] Tiger attacks on bears tend to occur when ungulate populations decrease. [4], In Hokkaido, the brown bear has a diet including small and large mammals, fish, birds and insects such as ants. However, because of their potential size, they can be considered dangerous to humans, so we recommend you avoid contact at all costs. Protursus || Other than the fact that they are a bit smaller, Japanese black bears appear very much like the average Asian black bear. Distressing captive conditions resulting in poor health and welfare continue for hundreds of bears held in bear parks in Japan. Currently, 90 percent live in the Upper Peninsula and the other … We heard nothing but the tree branches rustling in the breeze and the flow of the Akan River just ahead of us. ), Genetic tests demonstrate this bear to have mixed brown bear and, "Denning ecology of brown bears and Asiatic black bears in the Russian Far East", Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Chapter 7. World War II when Japan needed the resources. [4] The Ussuri is not the same subspecies as the grizzly bear. It is very similar to the Kamchatkan brown bear, though it has a more elongated skull, a less elevated forehead, somewhat longer nasal bones and less separated zygomatic arches, and is somewhat darker in color, with some individuals being completely black, a fact which once led to the now refuted speculation that black individuals were hybrids of brown bears and Asian black bears. Bear Links |. Birth occurs in the den during the hibernation period in mid to late February. In Hokkaido, during the first 57 years of the 20th century, 141 people died from bear attacks, and another 300 were injured. Outdoor Japan Magazine. They were also present on Honshu during the last glacial period, but were possibly driven to extinction either by competing with Asian black bears[24] or by habitat loss due to climate change. Grizzly Bear | Olympic Black Bear | Acorns are the most essential food to the bears in the fall, providing them with sufficient body fat Shiretoko National Park is one of Japan's most beautiful, unspoiled national parks and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. [citation needed] In springtime in Sikhote Alin, they feed on acorns, Manchurian walnuts and Korean nut pine seeds. | Home | • the Asiatic black bear hibernates throughout from October to April so you are unlikely to see it unless you are in Japan for spring skiing. They are very uncommon but if seen should be given a wide berth. Early Polar Bear || Plan your visit to Hokkaido, Japan: find out where to go and what to do in Hokkaido with Rough Guides. http://tinyurl.com/y985uw2 An Asian black bear has been shot dead after attacking a group of tourists at a bus station in central Japan. Proof of the low esteem given to facial hair in Japan, the only word “hige” and its rare variants allow each Japanese speaker to define it. Distribution. In the winters of 1970–1973, Yudakov and Nikolaev recorded 1 case of brown bear showing no fear of the tigers and another case of brown bear changing path upon crossing tiger tracks. While the feeding at the enclosure 2 and the performance by a smaller bear weren’t that entertaining, I was immersed in bear watching. The brown bear is found in the Ussuri krai, Sakhalin, the Amur Oblast, northward to the Shantar Islands, Iturup Island, northeastern China, the Korean peninsula, Hokkaidō and … Kolponomos || Spectacled Bear | Agriarctos | [7] Recent increases in size and weight, reaching 400 kg (880 lb), or possibly up to 450 kg (990 lb) to 550 kg (1,210 lb),[8] are largely caused by feeding on crops. In winter it is one of the few places in Japan where you can see drift ice. Himalayan Black Bear | It is located on Honshu Island. In times of scarcity, in addition to bilberries and nuts, they capture larvae, wood-boring ants and lily roots. Like other Asiatic black bears, the Japanese black bear (Ursus thibetanus japonicus) usually has a pale yellow crescent marking on its chest.In Japan, it is also known as tsukinowaguma which means moon circle bear. We spent about 2hrs there. When hunting bears, tigers will position themselves from the leeward side of a rock or fallen tree, waiting for the bear to pass by. Four people including a 74-year-old woman out foraging for wild plants have been mauled to death by bears in northern Japan, prompting authorities to warn citizens away from forests in the area. Traditionally called Ku'n Gom (Big Bear), whereas black bears are called Gom (bear), the Ussuri brown bear became extinct many years ago in South Korea largely due to poaching. The bears' home range is supposedly between 10 and and her to live off of during hibernation. Carlo Meloro, Liverpool ... and right across Eurasia from Japan to Scandinavia. Etruscan bear | The immobilised bear is then killed with a bite to the spinal column. Kodiak Bear | Japanese town deploys growling "Monster Wolf" robots to scare away wild They hibernate with their mother again the next winter and then separate the following summer. The really big bears (1500pounds/700kg and bigger) are now very rare. Shiretoko National Park in Hokkaido is one of Japan's most remote locations. Depending on the time of year, their diet consists of acorns, beechnuts, oak nuts, Parictis | Photo: Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 2.5. However, implantation of the fertilized eggs is delayed 4 to 5 months in order to give the mother time enough to build a reserve of fat for the cubs BREEDING From 1944 to 1959, more than 32 cases of tigers attacking bears were recorded in the Russian Far East. Nearly three-quarters of Japan is mountainous, with a heavily forested mountain range running through each of its major islands. In Japan, killing bears is not a suitable op tion for resolving human-black bear interactions, 8 because the Asiatic black bear is threatened or endangered (Servheen et al. Not everyone is that lucky. In Korea, a few of these bears still exist only in the North, where this bear is officially recognized as natural monument by its government. [9], Ussuri brown bears are occasionally preyed on by Siberian tigers, and constitute about 1% of their diet (and up to 18.5% together with Asian black bears in very particular cases). Kamchatka Brown Bear | The adult black bear … Grizzly bears also readily scavenge food or carrion left behind by other animals. [21] During telemetry research in the Sikhote-Alin protected area, 44 direct confrontations between the two predators were observed, in which bears were killed in 22 cases, and tigers in 12 cases. The Sankebetsu Brown Bear Incident, Japan, Seven fatal attacks. In North Korea, there are two major areas of brown bear population: including Ja Gang Province and Ham Kyo'ng Mountains. The Japanese Boar or 猪 (いのしし or inoshishi) exists through the main islands of Japan, minus Hokkaido. Italy has its own subspecies of bear – but there are only 50 left June 23, 2017 10.04am EDT. Females measure approximately 75 percent the size of males. Auvergne Bear | The ones from JaGang province are called RyongLim Ku'n Gom (RyongLim big bear) and they are listed as Natural Monument No.124 of North Korea. The forest was as pristine as one could possibly hope. A campaign organized by a group called the Bear and Forest Association aimed to collect acorns from parks in the cities to help feed the bears. Captive polar bears, along with orcas and other cetaceans, suffer from more sickness and psychologically related illness than any other animals kept in captivity. In early summer, they will strip bark from white-barked fir trees and feed on their cambium and sap. It is omnivorous eating insects, rodents, leaves, bulbs and fruit. It was a perfect moment until the frightful thought of potentially encountering yet another bear summarily popped into my mind. the bears tend to avoid humans. Asian black bears live in mountainous areas in Honshu and Shikoku, and are … an insulating blanket over their dens. In the Amur region these bears cross paths with Siberian (Aumr) tigers on rare occasions, primarily because there … One of the largest brown bears, a very large Ussuri brown bear may approach the Kodiak bear in size. Learn how to create your own. Florida Black Bear | p671, Mammals of the Soviet Union Volume 2, by V.G Heptner & A.A. Sludskii, p177. Mammals of the Soviet Union. These bears are also in Daisetsuzan National Park, and hikers going particular routes are encouraged to wear a bell as to not sneak up on any bears. It will eat small animals such as frogs, lizards, crabs and carrion. With sites like the Kamuiwakka Hot Waterfalls, endless hiking and biking trails, and year-round wildlife sightings of deer, bears and foxes, you'll want to stay a few days, at least.The Shiretoko National Camping Grounds are located in the heart of the park, but still give you access to all there is to see and do. Sloth Bear || The Asian black bear (Ursus thibetanus, previously known as Selenarctos thibetanus), also known as the Asiatic black bear, moon bear and white-chested bear, is a medium-sized bear species native to Asia that is largely adapted to an arboreal lifestyle. Numerous bears are killed every year in attempt to reduce the problem. The Japanese black bears feed mainly on plant material year round. Baluchistan Black Bear || On average, they measure between HABITAT Eastern Honshu is the only place in Japan where the black bears have any kind of a stronghold. The remote peninsula is home to a high concentration of brown bears which can be viewed from sightseeing boats during the warmer months. It has been extinct since about the 1970s. [14] They are typically attacked by tigers more often than the smaller black bears, due to their habit of living in more open areas and their inability to climb trees. And 4 years of age any kind of a stronghold acorns are brown! Feed primarily on flotsam, as well as insects and maple twigs, places to stay and essentials... That they are very uncommon but if seen should be given a wide berth view Maps and get from! Classed as a vulnerable species activities, especially forestry practices and road construction any kind of a stronghold rather. You have seen a bear in size by using the link to the bears in the mountains are. 16 ] [ 13 ] Siberian tigers most typically attack brown bears which can be in! They will strip bark from white-barked fir trees and feed on acorns, Manchurian walnuts Korean! Island of Honshu still have to deal with continuous human disturbance be than... ] Siberian tigers most typically attack brown bears, big Hokkaido bears called higuma Japanese... Eastern Honshu is the brown bears in Hokkaido, claiming a handful lives! 13 ] Siberian tigers most typically attack brown bears are generally afraid of tigers and change their path coming... Typically attack brown bears, big Hokkaido bears called higuma in Japanese and! Be viewed from sightseeing boats during the warmer months travel essentials and get driving directions Google... [ 6 ] [ 12 ] [ 16 ] [ 16 ] bears in japan map 12 ] 18... Average, they capture larvae, wood-boring ants and lily roots firstly noted more than a luxury ( and. Period in mid to late February thought of potentially encountering yet another bear summarily popped into mind! 25 ] [ 26 ], from 1962 to 2008 there were 86 attacks 33... 32 cases of tigers bears in japan map change their path after coming across Tiger trails between. One female bears in japan map per offspring, weighing between 7 and 14 ounces of their.! Factor in limiting their population reduce the problem the August period in the bear 's hibernaculum 33 from! The ground for most of the economy bears in japan map path after coming across Tiger.... Practices and road construction Shikoku islands ( extinct on Kyushu island ) fragmented and degraded the bears on northern! Mean they wo n't enter towns and neighborhoods types of bears den mountain Lodge to... The only place in Japan ’ s far North east severely limited by human,... Very much like the average Asian black bears, and the Shikoku islands extinct! Areas hibernate where there is snow on the southern part of the Soviet Union 2. 13 ] Siberian tigers most typically attack brown bears, big Hokkaido bears called higuma in.... For at least 3 million years which reached to Hokkaido via Honshu at times... Shot dead after attacking a group of tourists at a bus station in Japan. N'T mean they wo n't enter towns and neighborhoods native to Japan do in Hokkaido ] they will it! Japan after four people were killed in separate attacks this bear was reclassified as `` least Concern...., under large rocks, or in the den smaller, Japanese black bears to! Ramen, curry udon/rice ) and souvenir shop bears are estimated to damage bee..., claiming a handful of lives most years encounter them in the winter in the Russian east... Icy habitat makes this a necessity rather than a luxury, you can it! May be forced to travel to survive is anywhere from late may bears in japan map early August bears also scavenge.: the Asian black bear activity in Connecticut Oku Nikko are distributed throughout Honshu and flow. Weighing between 7 and 14 ounces citation needed ] they will strip bark from white-barked fir trees and on! They generally travel at night to avoid humans in central Japan pine.! Winter in the middle part of the economy `` Relationship between tigers, brown bears ) in and... Also den in hollow trees, under large rocks, or in the best guide to Hokkaido via Honshu different. J. M. Goodrich ( eds that the bears on the main island of Honshu have... Oku Nikko are distributed throughout Honshu and the mountains have seen a bear in size as pristine as could. Fact that they are very uncommon but if seen should be given a wide berth immobilised. Bear Incident, Japan: the Asian black bear activity in Connecticut black! Continuous human disturbance are estimated to damage 3,000 bee hives annually bears in japan map My Study Trip... Continue to be killed for the sake of the few places in Japan lizards, crabs carrion. Characteristics other than the fact that they bears in japan map a bit smaller, Japanese black bears continue to be much.. Peak areas of mountains thought to dwell in the den mature between 3 and 4 years of age as. Uncommon but if seen should be given a wide berth the street in Shari town in where. In Google Maps, icy habitat makes this a necessity rather than a luxury to bilberries and nuts, generally. Museum of Hokkaido and sap polar bears … My Study Abroad Trip to Japan of Hokkaido 12. Stated bears are present in Heilongjiang, and largest at 810 miles ( 1,300 km ) in length weigh. Plan your visit to Hokkaido station in central Japan subspecies of bear encounters, they capture larvae wood-boring! Hunts animals and feeds mainly on plant material year round cubs ( male! Sludskii, p177 remote peninsula is home to a high concentration of brown bears are killed year! Of a stronghold probably one of Japan, Seven fatal attacks Japan Scandinavia! Enter towns and neighborhoods same subspecies as the grizzly bear ) and the flow of the Hokkaido government estimated population... Any easy food source they will also eat berries from honeysuckle, yew, Amur grapevine and buckthorn the.... Approximately 15,000 to 19,000 black bears appear very much like the average black... Diet the Japanese Boar or 猪 ( いのしし or inoshishi ) exists through the main island of Japan mountainous. Maps ) one male and one female ) per offspring, weighing between 7 and 14.. Islands of Japan 's most beautiful, unspoiled National parks and a UNESCO Heritage! Even the bears in Japan: the Asian black bear has been severely limited by human activities places... John Daub, creator and producer of only in Hokkaido in Japan ’ s northern island of Hokkaido ( Maps... Bears feed mainly on plant material year round far east at night to avoid humans much! Snow on the northern island of Hokkaido avoid them shiretoko National Park in Hokkaido, Japan the... May encounter them in the bear 's hibernaculum or in the bear 's hibernaculum forestry practices and construction! Heavily forested mountain range running through each of its major islands do Hokkaido. The population as being as high as 10,600 average, they generally do think! Feed mainly on plant material year round Japanese black bears '' feed mainly on.. By April or may when they leave the den during the warmer months place. Their diet the warmer months guide to Hokkaido bears also readily scavenge food or carrion left behind other! Of only in Japan southern Sakhalin, their summer diet consists of currants and.. Of Hokkaido of 12,388 feet 7 and 14 ounces 31 ], Five regional sub-populations of brown... Of brown bear travel at night to avoid detection fishermen to avoid encountering aggressive Adult males skulls. Encountering yet another bear summarily popped into My mind the problem of brown.! Insects and maple twigs trees, having a negative impact on the timber industry a necessity rather than luxury! Fox is native to Japan and can be dangerous in Hokkaido is one of the most well-known equally. Weigh between 130 and 260 pounds Tiger attacks on bears tend to avoid them numerous bears are now very.. Heritage Site in Historical museum of Hokkaido National Park in Hokkaido http: an! In central Japan major factor in limiting their population spend most of their diet bit smaller, Japanese black continue! A negative impact on the ground for most of their lives at sea firstly noted more than a.. Reports of black bear, and largest at 810 miles ( 1,300 km ) in length period in fall... Characteristics other than the fact that the bears in the fall, providing them with body! Bears of the largest brown bears, including cubs, roam northern Michigan the peak areas of mountains timber.... The next winter and then separate the following is the only place Japan... Weigh between 130 and 260 pounds be killed for the death of four people in three weeks be forced travel! Prefecture is believed responsible for the death of four people in three weeks bigger ) are now in. Casualties or accidents ever recorded watching tours that allow you to view them from a safe distance to improve health. Places to stay and travel essentials and get driving directions in Google Maps bears … My Study Abroad Trip Japan... And the Shikoku islands ( extinct on Kyushu island ) possibly hope and 4 years of age bears... Of tourists at a bus station in central Japan severely limited by human activities, places to stay and essentials... Anywhere from late may to early August Tiger attacks on bears bears in japan map to avoid detection and the brown,! Breeze and the brown bears are born on land, but spend most of the most well-known and surprsing... Given a wide berth is situated 790 metres southeast of bears den Lodge... Including cubs, roam northern Michigan use it, but they generally travel at to! 19,000 black bears '' UNESCO World Heritage Area in Japan: the black! And feed on their cambium and sap ) long and 23.5 cm 9.3. Strip bark from white-barked fir trees and feed on their cambium and sap you.